Presentation of the country in brief

  • Official name: Republic of Cuba
  • Nature of the scheme: Socialist one-party system
  • Head of State: Miguel Diaz-Canel
  • First Secretary of the Cuban Communist Party (CCP): Raúl Castro
  • Official language: Spanish
  • Coins: Cuban peso and convertible peso
  • National Day: January 1st (anniversary of the 1959 revolution)
  • National flower: Mariposa
  • National bird: Tocororo
  • National tree: Palma Real (Royal Palm)
  • Life expectancy: 79.1 years
  • Religion (s): Catholic 85% – Protestant 2% – Other 13%

Geographical data of Cuba

  • Area: 1110,860 km2
  • Length / width of the island: 1’250km / 191km to the widest or 31km to the narrowest of the island
  • Capital: Havana
  • Number of provinces: 14 (without Guantanamo and the island of Youth)
  • Main cities: Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara, Holguín, Camagüey
  • Population: 11.2 million
  • Density: 110 inhabitants / km2
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